Battle of Vitoria

June 21st 1813

Vitoria was perhaps the greatest of Wellington’s victories as it was the start of the campaign that finally pushed the French out of Spain. It began with a feint by the British army who sent Murray’s division towards Salamanca - successfully confusing the French into believing this was the main thrust of the British army. Graham was sent north into Spain with 60,00 troops secretly. By the time the French were aware f the situation the British army had converged their columns on them at Vitoria.

The French command was it’s usual mass of bickering without the strong leadership of the Emperor or any senior marshals. The French continued to withdraw looking for better ground but the strong desire of the men to fight forced their hand and they made their stand at Vitoria.

The British plan did not execute flawlessly however. Dalhousie got lost and Graham was behind schedule. Picton picked up the ball however and launched a strong attack on D’Erlon’s corps just as Graham arrived. The Army began to disintegrate and fall back in disorder. They were fortunate in that once again the British were no masters of pursuit but the baggage left behind included all but two of the French guns, Jourdan’s marshal’s baton and King Joseph’s chamber pot. They were never to see Madrid again and by 1814 were crossing the French border.

The Game

The game begins at 8 AM and goes to 4 PM (16 turns).

French decisive victory if hold Vitoria and destroy Picton’s and Graham’s division

French marginal if hold the Pamplona road (bottom left hand road)

British marginal if capture Vitoria

British decisive if capture Pamplona road and destroy Reille’s division

 

French arrival and movement bases.

All French troops are initially on the table

Location Units Move bases
Arinez 1st Division, 3rd Division, 4th Division, 6th Division, Soult’s Division, 1,2,3,4,5,6
Puebla Heights 5th Division 7
Road South of Vitoria Tilly’s Division 8
Road North of Vitoria Digeon’s Division, Reille’s Corps 9,10,11,12,13,14
Road West of Vitoria D’Erlon’s Corps 15,16,17,18
Vitoria Joseph’s Guard 19

 

Commander in Chief

  Jourdan Poor Fs

Army of the South

  Gazan Ave. Fs                      
  Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8        
  Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8        

1st Division

  Leval Ave. Fs                      
  9eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  24eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  88eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  96eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

3rd Division

  Villatte Ave. Fs                          
  27eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  63eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  94eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  99eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

4th Division

  Conroux Ave. Fs                          
  32eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  43eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  55eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  58eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

5th Division

  Maransin Poor Fs                          
  12eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  45eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

6th Division

  Darricau Ave. Fs                          
  21eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  100eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  28eme Legere FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  103eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Soult’s Cavalry

  Soult Good Fs                      
  2eme Hussars Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Converged Chausseurs Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Tilly’s Cavalry

  Tilly Ave. Fs                      
  Converged Dragoons A Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Converged Dragoons B Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Digeon’s Cavalry

  Digeon Ave. Fs                      
  Converged Dragoons A Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Converged Dragoons B Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Army of the Centre

  D’Erlon Ave. Fs                      
  Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8        

1st Division

  Darmangac Ave. Fs                      
  28eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  75eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  2nd Nassau FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10    
  4th Baden FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10    

2nd Division

  Cassagne Ave. Fs                      
  16eme Legere 1 batt FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  16eme Legere 2 batt FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  8eme Ligne 1 batt FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  8eme Ligne 2 batt FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  51eme Ligne 1 batt FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  51eme Ligne 2 batt FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  54eme Ligne 1 batt FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  54eme Ligne 2 batt FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Treillard’s Cavalry

  Treillard Ave. Fs                      
  Converged Dragoons Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Converged Chausseurs Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

 

Army of Portugal

Reille Ave. Fs                      
Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8        

4th Division

  Sarrut Ave. Fs                      
  2eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  36eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  4eme Legere FLm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  65eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

6th Division

  Lamartinerre Ave. Fs                          
  118eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  119eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  120eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  122eme Ligne FSm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Mermet’s Cavalry

  Mermet Ave Fs                      
  Converged Chausseurs A Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Converged Chausseurs B Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Boyer’s Cavalry

  Boyer Ave. Fs                      
  Converged Dragoons A Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Converged Dragoons B Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Joseph’s Royal Guard

  Joseph Poor Fs                      
  Royal Guards A Fm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Royal Guards A Fm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Castile Regt. Fm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10    
  Toledo Regt Fm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10    
  Mixed Light Cavalry Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10    

 

 

British

Location Units Move bases
Road North of Vitoria, north table edge 1st Division, Independent Brigades 1,2
West table edge 2nd Division, 4th Division, Wellington 3,4,5
North table edge, west of board 3rd Division,5th Division 6,7,8
Random 7th Division 9,10
Road South West table edge Portuguese Division 11,12
Puebla Heights Morillo’s Division 13

Dalhousie will not arrive until at least 12 PM at the top left corner of the map. He has a 1 in 6 chance of appearing any turns after 12 PM. All British troops start at the table edge.

Commander in Chief

  Wellington Good Bs                      
  Heavy Cavalry Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Dragoons Hc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9      
  Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9      
  Medium Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9      
  Light Battery FA 1 2 3 4 5 6   8 9      

1st Division

  Graham Good Bs                          
  Coldstream Guards BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13  
  3rd Guards BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13  
  5th KGL BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  2nd KGL BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  KGL Light Brigade BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  Vandeleurs Light Brigade BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  Ansons Light Dragoons Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10        
  Altens Light Dragoons Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10        

2nd Division

  Hill Good Fs                          
  50th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  92nd Highland BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  3rd Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  57th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  28th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  34th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  6th Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  18th Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

3rd Division

  Picton Good Bs                          
  45th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  60th Rifles BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  83rd Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  87th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  9th Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  21st Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  Fanes Dragoons Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    

4th Division

  Cole Good Bs                          
  27th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  40th Foot BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  7th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  20th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  11th Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  7th Cacadores BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

 

5th Division

  Oswald Ave. Bs                          
  1st Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  9th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  4th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  47th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  3rd Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  8th Cacadores BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  95th Rifles BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  15th Hussars Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8            
  10th Hussars Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8            

 

7th Division

  Dalhousie Poor Bs                          
  6th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  Brunswick Jaegers BLr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  51st Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  68th Foot BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  3rd Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    
  19th Portuguese BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12    

 

Independent Brigades

  Pack/ Bradford Good Bs                      
  13th Port. BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  24th Port. BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  4th Cacadores BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Portuguese Dragoons Lc 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8        

 

Portuguese Division

  Silveria Ave. Bs                      
  2nd Port. BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  14th Port. BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  4th Port. BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  10th Port. BSr 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Spanish Division

  Morillo Poor. Ps                  
  Leon Pm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  Union Pm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  Doile Pm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  Vitoria Pm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10